西 村 三千男 記
この陳腐なテーマを３回に分けて紹介しよう。「Research & Development」または
By the late 1920s, Du Pont’s research directors had begun to use the words
“research and development” as if they were a single concept★. Later, “re-
search and development” would be shortened to just “Ｒ＆Ｄ“. The merging
of these two activities into one term suggests that it is very difficult to
differentiate one activity from the other. Research is usually seen as literally
searching for something, and successful research culminates in an invention
which appears in incomplete form, existing more as a promise than a reality.
Development consists of adjusting, altering, and adapting this idealized
concept into a product that can compete successfully in the outside tech-
nological and commercial environment.
The words were apparently first conceptually connected in the early 1920s.
The first citation in the Oxford English Dictionary dates from 1923 (R.W.
Burchfield, ed., A
Supplement to the
Clarendon Press, 1982], p.1204)
D. A. Hounshell & J. K. Smith, Jr.
“ Science and Corporate Strategy Du Pont R & D, 1902―1980 pp.249
(Cambridge University Press, 1988)